Fed Gov Waller Discussion

The Center for Financial Stability (CFS) hosted remarks and a discussion with Federal Reserve Board Governor Christopher J. Waller on the economic and monetary outlook on Friday, November 19.

Remarks and the discussion are available at:
https://youtu.be/hQIA4bVFKXw

Thanks also to Howard Marks, John Ryding, Michelle Caruso-Cabrera, Colin Teichholtz, Nick Sargen, Colby Smith, Nick Silitch, Lisa Lee, Bruce Tuckman, and Jeff Young for excellent questions.

Discussion with Fed Gov Waller on Economic and Monetary Outlook

The Center for Financial Stability (CFS) will host remarks and a discussion with Federal Reserve Board Governor Christopher J. Waller.  Governor Waller will focus on the economic and monetary outlook.

Prior to his appointment at the Board, Chris served as executive vice president and director of research at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis since 2009.  In addition to his experience in the Federal Reserve System, he served as a professor and the Gilbert F. Schaefer Chair of Economics at the University of Notre Dame.

Date:  Friday, November 19, 2021
Time:  Program begins promptly at 10:45 a.m. and ends at 12:00 p.m.

Remarks and discussion will be live streamed and can be viewed later at: https://youtu.be/hQIA4bVFKXw

Today’s WSJ: “How the Fed Rigs the Bond Market”

Today, The Wall Street Journal published my op-ed titled “How the Fed Rigs the Bond Market.”  Themes include:

High inflation should no longer be surprising, nor should it be labeled “transitory.” Its existence should prompt serious reflection on policy decisions and spur action to avoid a financial crisis.

The big issue is financial stability.

– The U.S. Treasury bond market has been rigged and manipulated since the Federal Reserve’s second quantitative-easing program began in 2010. The consequence of this blurred line between Fed and Treasury responsibilities—”monetizing the debt”—is inflation.

– Sales by the infamous “bond vigilantes” used to serve as a warning of inflationary policies. The signal has been muted.

The op-ed offers specific actions for Congress, Treasury, and the Fed to defuse imbalances and gradually restore market dynamics to the determination of bond yields.

We look forward to any comments you might have.

To view the full article:
https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-the-fed-rigs-the-bond-market-inflation-yields-financial-crisis-treasury-11637165868

Thoughts on inflation

This morning, Bloomberg’s John Authors said it well “We have October’s inflation numbers, and they were bad. Indeed, they were worse than the worst fears, with U.S. CPI exceeding the highest estimates provided by economists to Bloomberg. When you go below the surface, they’re even more troubling than they look.”

Macro and financial market analysis often includes a bit of guesswork. However, there are certain mathematical forces of nature in markets, economics, and debt management that are frequently ignored. Money, the government’s budget constraint, and the resulting seigniorage tax are among them.

Under the leadership of Professor William A. Barnett, the Center for Financial Stability (CFS) has provided many tools for investors and officials to reduce the probability of errors in making meaningful decisions.

Here are a few to help frame the new debate around what John Authors suggests is “how long it will last.”

Two Measures for the Fed and Investors
https://centerforfinancialstability.org/research/Measures_Fed_110221.pdf
Inflation Fears Offers the Fed a Chance to Modernize with Money
https://centerforfinancialstability.org/research/Modernize_Money_042621.pdf
Post-Pandemic Economic Risks
https://centerforfinancialstability.org/research/Post_Pandemic_Economic_Risks_050521.pdf
Advances in Monetary and Financial Measurement (AMFM)
https://centerforfinancialstability.org/amfm_data.php

We look forward to any comments you might have.

Two Measures for the Fed and Investors

With inflation in excess of 5% in each of the last 5 months, two measures would have been helpful for the Fed and investors in prior months. To be sure, they should influence Fed and investor decisions going forward.

They include

  • Center for Financial Stability (CFS) Divisia M4-,
  • Global inflation diffusion indexes that analyze price and expectation signals in 49 countries.

To view the two measures:
https://centerforfinancialstability.org/research/Measures_Fed_110221.pdf

We look forward to any comments you might have.

New Giancarlo Crypto book

J. Christopher Giancarlo – America’s leading authority on Cryptocurrency and the coming digital economy – has just released his new book, CryptoDad: The Fight for the Future of Money (https://www.amzn.com/111985508X/). 

CryptoDad is engaging and destined to have great impact. Even the footnotes are superb! The book adds depth to the many vectors influencing the future of cryptocurrencies and regulation.

Chris Giancarlo is the former Chairman of the CFTC – first nominated as a CFTC Commissioner by President Barack Obama and subsequently nominated as Chair by President Donald Trump.  He is the founder of the new Digital Dollar Project (https://digitaldollarproject.org/), which is committed to advancing the exploration of a United States Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC).  Over the years, he has done pathbreaking work at the intersection of regulation and financial innovation.

Beers on the U.S. Debt Fight

Today, Barron’s published an op-ed by CFS senior fellow David Beers titled “Democracy is at Stake in the U.S. Debt Fight.”

David discusses the ongoing struggle with deficits and the debt ceiling within the context of Standard & Poor’s (S&P) decision to become the first major credit rating firm to downgrade U.S. debt. At the time, David led S&P’s global team of analysts responsible for sovereign and international public finance credit ratings and research. He later worked on sovereign debt, IMF, China, and Euro Area policy issues for the Bank of England.

As noted in the piece, the opinions are the author’s alone.

Many points are worth further exploration, yet some may be viewed as political. CFS focuses on analytics. CFS is nonpartisan. Hence, we leave the politics for you to sort through.

The op-ed is excellent. It clearly illustrates drivers behind the deterioration in sovereign credit quality in the U.S. as well as other sovereigns around the world. In fact, going forward, economic management with a keen eye to these drivers can reverse the slide in credit quality.

To view the full article:
https://www.barrons.com/articles/us-debt-downgrade-51633382585?tesla=y

We look forward to any comments you might have.

Bair on Finance for Kids

CFS Advisory Board Member Sheila Bair is now the author of a new series of entertaining children’s books about money called “Money Tales.”

She notes that “kids ‘get money’ at an early age, and we need to feed that inquisitiveness. Over 70% of student borrowers say they wish they had better information about debt and its burdens when they decided to borrow, and over half wish they had not borrowed at all.” She wants to make sure future generations of borrowers are better prepared.

Sheila has a hidden past as a children’s book writer. She was recognized by the Council on Economic Education, Association of Educational Publishers, JumpStart Coalition, and the Institute for Financial Literacy for her efforts to teach kids and their parents about money basics.

On September 15, the new Money Tales series will include:

Billy the Borrowing Blue-Footed Booby
https://www.amazon.com/Billy-Borrowing-Blue-Footed-Booby-Money/dp/0807508128
Princess Persephone Loses the Castle
https://www.amazon.com/Princess-Persephone-Loses-Castle-Money/dp/0807566470

Her first two books, Rock, Brock and the Savings Shock and Isabel’s Car Wash, published 15 years ago, continue to sell well.

They are available for pre-order now on Amazon, for yourselves, your friends, or anyone you know with children or as donations to schools or libraries.

Barnett Keynote on BREXIT at UK Conference on Uncertainty, Risk Measurement and COVID-19 Challenges

CFS Director of Advances in Monetary and Financial Measurement (AMFM) Professor William A. Barnett delivered the keynote lecture “Is the BREXIT Bifurcation Causing Chaos in the United Kingdom?”

Bill’s remarks explore:

  • Why is Brexit changing economic risk without a source of external shocks?
  • Mathematical properties of chaos with relevance to BREXIT and U.S. monetary policy.
  • Why chaos is not necessarily bad. It is normal in nature (weather, climate, etc.) and is relevant to science and economics. Chaos contains useful information.
  • The United Kingdom and United States economies have undergone significant structural and policy changes in the past decades rendering chaotic dynamics more relevant.
  • Meaningful policy implications stem from the existence of Shilnikov Chaos.
  • Shilnikov chaos, produced by interest rate feedback policy with sticky prices, explains the downward drift of interest rates over the past 20 years.
  • Interest rate feedback policy rules need to be augmented by simultaneous use of a second policy instrument focused on the long run to avoid unintentional downward drift of interest rates to their lower bound.

For the slide deck…
http://www.CenterforFinancialStability.org/speeches/UK_bifurcation_Barnett.pdf
For the lecture…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W2URCxL5owU&ab_channel=KUDepartmentofEconomics%20

FT Letter: Investors shouldn’t bet too much on macro forecasts

Today my letter in the Financial Times (FT) responds to Howard Marks’ “Investors must not bet too much on macro forecasts.”  Marks offers a superb road map for navigating future inflation twists and turns.

However, he misses how macro rules of nature can often be measured – helping investors and public officials better achieve their respective goals.

Monetary measurements represent simply one meaningful mapping.

To view “Inflation was inevitable after the Fed fuelled monetary growth”:
https://www.ft.com/content/2f7f1bad-ed6b-4a6a-9123-0eb024541c8a

We look forward to any comments you might have.